The Gothic Line, renamed Green Line in Jun 1944, was the final main German defensive line in northern Italy. The line stretched from the area south of La Spezia on the west coast of Italy through the Apennine Mountains to the area between Pesaro and Ravenna on the east coast. It featured 2,376 machine gun nests, 479-gun positions, concrete bunkers, barbed wire, anti-tank ditches, and natural terrain favouring the defenders. By Aug 1944, the Germans in Italy were plagued with increased Italian partisan activity behind the front lines, while the Allies commanders in Italy were frustrated by their superiors transferring forces under their control for the new front in France. Operation Olive was launched on 25 August 1944. On the Adriatic Sea coast in eastern Italy, Oliver Leese's British 8th Army assaulted the eastern end of the Gothic Line finally capturing many defensive positions until winter stopped the advance.
THIS ITEM IS FREE UK SHIPPING. FOR INTERNATIONAL BUYERS, IT IS AT A REDUCED RATE. PLEASE ASK BEFORE PURCHASE.