The SS Nord Division from late October to December 1944 they fought fierce defensive battles in the Kurland Pocket in the area of Priekule where they were ready for a breakout to the South. The red Army had become aware of German intentions and were ready to stop it. On the 16th October 1944 when the ss led breakout began the Soviets stopped the German attack in which a very large battle was fought but the Germans were able to hold their positions. During the next Soviet advance, the Nordland Division stopped the Russians and again held the line with no Russian gain. On the 25th January 1945 the red army launched there 4th and largest attack to clear the Kurland Pocket with Priekule the focal point of the attack they manged to capture some German positions but with the help of the 14th Panzer division the Nordland Division launched at counter attack and were able to re take the positions from the Russians. At the end of January 1945, the Division was finally pulled from the frontline at Priekule and loaded on to ships and were evacuated to Pomerania.
The Kurland Pocket refers to the Red Army's blockade or isolation of Axis forces on the Courland Peninsula from July 1944 through May 1945.The pocket was created during the Red Army's Baltic Strategic Offensive Operation, when forces of the 1st Baltic Front reached the Baltic Sea near Memel during its lesser Memel Offensive Operation phases. This action isolated the German Army Group North from the rest of the German forces between Tukums and Liepāja in Latvia. Renamed Heeresgruppe Kurland on 25 January 1945 the Army Group remained isolated until the end of the war. When they were ordered to surrender to the Soviet command on 8 May, they were in "blackout" and did not get the official order before 10 May, two days after the capitulation of Germany. It was one of the last German groups to surrender in Europe.
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