This is a Track link early open guide horn 3A 1941 pattern that has battle damage with a blast crack in the middle of it by the guide horn.The link is rusty but solid and there is a maker marking on the bottom not clear to read but the rare bit is the blast damage so a link that was in the thick of battle it is on one edge cracked either from a mine or a shell hit.The link has been recovered from the Kurland pocket in Latvia from a German panzer 4 tank of the 12th Panzer Division which was destroyed in fighting. This item comes with a 5'7 laminated card with photo a very nice relic and rare relic from this famous battle on the Eastern Front.
The 12th Panzer division was formed from the 2nd Infantry Division, itself formed in 1921. The division was motorised in 1936–37 and participated in the invasions of Poland and France. It was reorganised as a Panzer Division in October 1940.The 12th Panzer Division participated in Operation Barbarossa, taking part in the drive towards Leningrad. Suffering heavy casualties during the Soviet counter offensive in the winter of 1941–42 the division was withdrawn to Estonia for a refit. It remained with Army Group North for the most part of the war except for a brief spell south while participating in the battle of Kursk in July 1943 ad the following defensive operations and retreat after the German failure. The division returned to the northern sector in January 1944 but came too late play any role in the unsuccessful German efforts to prevent the Siege of Leningrad from being broken by the Red Army. It was eventually entrapped in the Kurland Pocket after the successful Soviet offensive in July 1944, Operation Bagration. It remained in Kurland where it surrendered to Soviet forces in May 1945.
The Kurland Pocket refers to the Red Army's blockade or isolation of Axis forces on the Courland Peninsula from July 1944 through May 1945.The pocket was created during the Red Army's Baltic Strategic Offensive Operation, when forces of the 1st Baltic Front reached the Baltic Sea near Memel during its lesser Memel Offensive Operation phases. This action isolated the German Army Group North from the rest of the German forces between Tukums and Liepāja in Latvia. Renamed Heeresgruppe Kurland on 25 January 1945 the Army Group remained isolated until the end of the war. When they were ordered to surrender to the Soviet command on 8 May, they were in "blackout" and did not get the official order before 10 May, two days after the capitulation of Germany. It was one of the last German groups to surrender in Europe. Below German troops in the Kurland Pocket.
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